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The International Olympic Committee will reportedly allow transgender people to compete in the Olympic Games before undergoing surgery.

Currently, transgender athletes are required to have undergone surgery and had two years of therapy before competing, but under the newly proposed guidelines, athletes could instead compete after one year of hormone replacement therapy. In male-to-female competitors, the athlete must demonstrate that her total testosterone level in serum has been below 10 nmol/L (nanomole/liter) for at least 12 months and must remain below that level throughout the period of competition.

The decision was made following a ‘Consensus Meeting on Sex Reassignment and Hyperandrogenism’ which aimed to decide broader policies that would include transgender athletes.

Olympic officials have not confirmed the new guidelines, which have already been adopted by other regulatory sports organizations, but the policy is available on the organization’s website.

Writing on the IOC website, the committee said: “To require surgical anatomical changes as a pre-condition to participation is not necessary to preserve fair competition and may be inconsistent with developing legislation and notions of human rights.”

This year’s Olympic Games will take place in Rio de Janeiro on Friday, August 5th.

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